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Under Born, Göttingen became one of the world’s foremost centres for physics. His influence extended far beyond his own research. Germany, and Born, who was Jewish, was suspended. He remained at Edinburgh until 1952. Göttingen on 5 January 1970. Kauffmann, from a Silesian family of industrialists.
She died when Max was four years old, on 29 August 1886. Max had a sister, Käthe, who was born in 1884, and a half-brother, Wolfgang, from his father’s second marriage, to Bertha Lipstein. Breslau, Born entered the University of Breslau in 1901. Born went there in April 1904. Very soon after his arrival, Born formed close ties to the latter two men. From the first class he took with Hilbert, Hilbert identified Born as having exceptional abilities and selected him as the lecture scribe, whose function was to write up the class notes for the students’ mathematics reading room at the University of Göttingen. Being class scribe put Born into regular, invaluable contact with Hilbert, during which time Hilbert’s intellectual largesse benefited Born’s fertile mind.
Hilbert became Born’s mentor after selecting him to be the first to hold the unpaid, semi-official position of assistant. The introduction netted Born invitations to the Minkowski household for Sunday dinners. In addition, while performing his duties as scribe and assistant, Born often saw Minkowski at Hilbert’s house. Born’s relationship with Klein was more problematic.
Although not particularly interested in the subject, Born was obliged to present a paper. Klein had arranged to be the subject for the prestigious annual Philosophy Faculty Prize offered by the University. Entries could also qualify as doctoral dissertations. Born responded by turning down the offer, as applied mathematics was not his preferred area of study. Klein had the power to make or break academic careers, so Born felt compelled to atone by submitting an entry for the prize.
Because Klein refused to supervise him, Born arranged for Carl Runge to be his supervisor. Starting from his paper, Born developed the equations for the stability conditions. As he became more interested in the topic, he had an apparatus constructed that could test his predictions experimentally. Born had won the prize. On graduation, Born was obliged to perform his military service, which he had deferred while a student. Lummer telling him that he would never become a physicist. Born was intrigued, and began researching the subject.