Navratri Navaratri festival preparations and performance arts collage. Hindu festival, celebrated in devi mahatmya marathi pdf autumn every year. It is observed for different reasons and celebrated differently in various parts of the Indian subcontinent.
In the eastern and northeastern states of India, the Durga Puja is synonymous with Navratri, wherein goddess Durga battles and emerges victorious over the buffalo demon to help restore Dharma. Celebrations include stage decorations, recital of the legend, enacting of the story, and chanting of the scriptures of Hinduism. The word Navratri means ‘nine nights’ in Sanskrit, nava meaning nine and ratri meaning nights. Navaratri festival is an occasion of classical and folk dance performances at Hindu temples.
According to some Hindu texts such as the Shakta and Vaishnava Puranas, Navaratri theoretically falls twice or four times a year. In all cases, Navaratri falls in the bright half of the Hindu luni-solar months. Sharada Navaratri: the most celebrated of the four navaratris, named after sharada which means autumn. In many regions the festival falls after autumn harvest, and in others during harvest. Vasanta Navaratri: the second most celebrated, named after vasanta which means spring.
In many regions the festival falls after spring harvest, and in others during harvest. The fifth day of this festival is often independently observed as Vasant Panchami or Basant Panchami, the official start of spring in the Hindu tradition wherein goddess Saraswati is revered through arts, music, writing, kite flying. The festival is celebrated for nine nights once every year during this month, which typically falls in the Gregorian months of September and October. The festivities extend beyond goddess Durga and god Rama. Various other goddesses such as Saraswati and Lakshmi, gods such as Ganesha, Kartikeya, Shiva and Krishna are regionally revered. For example, a notable pan-Hindu tradition during Navratri is the adoration of Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of knowledge, learning, music and arts through Ayudha Puja. To some, Navratri is a cultural and social festival which marks family time, along with the celebration of various performance arts.
Navratri has been called the Hindu festival of dance. The festival is associated to the prominent battle that took place between Durga and demon Mahishasura and celebrates the victory of Good over Evil. These nine days are solely dedicated to Goddess Durga and her nine Avatars. Bull, with a Trishul in her right hand and Lotus in left. Shailaputri is considered to be the direct incarnation of Mahakali. On Dwitiya, Goddess Brahmcharini, another incarnation of Parvati, is worshiped.
In this form, Parvati became Sati, her unmarried self. Brahmcharini is worshiped for emancipation or moksha and endowment of peace and prosperity. Depicted as walking bare feet and holding a japamala and kamandalu in her hands, she symbolizes bliss and calm. The color of the day is Royal Blue which depicts calmness-cum-energy. She is the embodiment of beauty and is also symbolic of bravery, and hence, the color of the day is Yellow.
Goddess Kushmunda is worshiped on Chaturthi. Believed to be the creative power of universe, Kushmunda is associated to the endowment of vegetation on earth and hence, the color of the day is Green. She is depicted as having eight arms and sits on a Lion. The color Grey is symbolic of the transforming strength of a mother when her child is confronted to dangers.
Lion, having four arms, and holding her baby. Born to a sage, Katya, she is an incarnation of Durga and is shown to exhibit courage which is symbolized by the color Orange. Known as the warrior goddess, she is considered one of the most violent forms of Goddess Parvati. In this avatar, the Devi rides a lion and has four hands.
Considered the most ferocious form of Goddess Durga, Kalaratri is revered on Saptmi. It is believed that Parvati removed her fair skin to kill the demons Sumbh and Nisumbh. The color of the day is White. The color associated to this day is Pink which depicts optimism.