Please forward this error screen 10 virtues of the proverbs 31 woman pdf 162. This article uncritically uses texts from within a religion or faith system without referring to secondary sources that critically analyze them.
A virtue is a trait or quality that is deemed to be morally good and thus is valued as a foundation of principle and good moral being. The four classic cardinal virtues are temperance, prudence, courage, and justice. Together these make up the seven virtues. Maat, to ancient Egyptians, personified the virtue of truth and justice. Some scholars consider either of the above four virtue combinations as mutually reducible and therefore not cardinal.
It is unclear whether multiple virtues were of later construct, and whether Plato subscribed to a unified view of virtues. In his work Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle defined a virtue as a point between a deficiency and an excess of a trait. Seneca, the Roman Stoic, said that perfect prudence is indistinguishable from perfect virtue. Thus, in considering all consequences, a prudent person would act in the same way as a virtuous person. Most Roman concepts of virtue were also personified as a numinous deity.
This was considered to be essential for a magistrate’s ability to enforce law and order. Iustitia, the Roman counterpart to the Greek Themis. Loving God and obeying his laws, in particular the Ten Commandments, are central to Jewish conceptions of virtue. A classic articulation of the Golden Rule came from the first century Rabbi Hillel the Elder. Renowned in the Jewish tradition as a sage and a scholar, he is associated with the development of the Mishnah and the Talmud and, as such, one of the most important figures in Jewish history. The same chapter describes love as the greatest of the three, and further defines love as “patient, kind, not envious, boastful, arrogant, or rude.
The Christian virtue of love is sometimes called charity and at other times a Greek word agape is used to contrast the love of God and the love of humankind from other types of love such as friendship or physical affection. The Bible mentions additional virtues, such as in the “Fruit of the Holy Spirit,” found in Galatians 5:22-23: “By contrast, the fruit of the Spirit it is benevolent-love: joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, benevolence, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. There is absolutely no law against such a thing. The medieval and renaissance periods saw a number of models of sin listing the seven deadly sins and the virtues opposed to each.
In Islam, the Qur’an is believed to be the literal word of God, and the definitive description of virtue. Muhammad is considered an ideal example of virtue in human form. The hadiths, his reported sayings, are central to the Islamic understanding of virtue. For Muslims fulfilling the human rights are valued as an important building block of Islam, According to Muslim beliefs Allah will forgive individual sins but the bad treatment of humans and injustice with others will only be pardoned by the humans and not by Allah. Virtue is a much debated and an evolving concept in ancient scriptures of Hinduism. The essence, need and value of virtue is explained in Hindu philosophy as something that cannot be imposed, but something that is realized and voluntarily lived up to by each individual. Sometimes, the word punya is used interchangeably with virtue.
The virtues that constitute a dharmic life – that is a moral, ethical, virtuous life – evolve in vedas and upanishads. Over time, new virtues were conceptualized and added by ancient Hindu scholars, some replaced, others merged. Buddhist practice as outlined in the Noble Eightfold Path can be regarded as a progressive list of virtues. Upeksha: equanimity, or learning to accept both loss and gain, praise and blame, success and failure with detachment, equally, for oneself and for others. Equanimity means not to distinguish between friend, enemy or stranger, but to regard every sentient being as equal. In the Bahá’í Faith, virtues are direct spiritual qualities that the human soul possesses, inherited from God Himself.